On the initiative of Algeria, the African Union adopted at the fifteenth ordinary session of the
Conference of Heads of State and Government held in Kampala, Uganda, from 25 to 27 July
2010, the Decision to create a space African Constitutional Justice.
The creation of this space responds to the imperative to federate the jurisdictions in charge of
the control of constitutionality, having adopted African mechanisms of constitutional justice, in
a continental space which allows them to participate in the field which is theirs, to the
promotion and the dissemination of the universal values and principles of rule of law,
democracy and human rights enshrined in the preamble of the Constitutive Act of the African
A preparatory meeting of the Presidents of the Constitutional Justice Courts in Africa, held on
the side-lines of the Second World Conference on Constitutional Justice in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,
on 16 January 2011, had instructed Algeria to lead the process of creating this space, to its end.
The Presidents and representatives of the Constitutional Courts and Councils and equivalent
institutions in Africa held on 7 and 8 May 2011 at the headquarters of the Constitutional
Council of Algeria the Constitutive Congress of the African Area of Constitutional Justice, which
they called ” Conference of Constitutional Jurisdictions of Africa “(CCJA).
Fifty-two participants (52) representing twenty-five (25) African constitutional courts took part
in this Congress, enhanced by the presence of the Chairperson of the African Union
Commission, and the President of the European Commission for Democracy through the right,
better known as the “Venice Commission”.
During the Congress, the participants examined and adopted the Statute of the Conference of
Constitutional Jurisdictions of Africa (CCJA), and proceeded, at the election of the first Executive
Bureau and the Secretary General. The Permanent Secretary General and the Treasurer are
appointed by the country of the seat.
The headquarters of the general secretariat of the CCJA is set in Algiers.
The CCJA currently has forty-five (45) African constitutional court members, and (3) three non-African observer members, namely: Brazil, Russia and Turkey.
The CCJA holds a Congress every two year. Since its creation, four Congresses have been held
respectively in Algiers (2011), Cotonou (2013), Libreville (2015) and Cape Town (2017); the
fifth Congress will be held in Luanda – Angola, in June 2019.
In order to promote constitutional justice in Africa and to promote the exchange of
experiences, the CCJA holds an international seminar between two Congresses. The first
seminar took place in Cotonou in 2013 on the theme: “the constitutional judge and the
political power”. The second took place in Algiers in 2017 on the theme of “the access of
individuals to constitutional justice”.
The proceedings of the seminars, grouped together and translated into several languages, are
At the international level, CCJA enjoys “Observer” status with the African Union as an
organization composed of institutions of AU Member States; she is also a member of the
Bureau of the World Conference on Constitutional Justice (WCCJ) under the regional groups.
The conference links many cooperation agreements with regional and linguistic groups that are
active in the field of constitutional justice, such as: Venice Commission, Asian Association for
Constitutional Justice, Arab Union of Constitutional Courts, …
The CCJA has a website (www.cjca-conf.org) which operates in the four working languages of
the Conference, namely: Arabic, English, French and Portuguese.